Erection Problems? - WE CAN HELP!
No blue pills, no awful side effects, just long lasting results. Guaranteed Results on your first visit or your exam will be FREE

Prostatitis (Prostate Infection): Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Prostatitis Prostate Infection Causes Symptoms Treatment

Prostatitis is an infection or inflammation of the prostate and its surrounding areas, like the pelvis, perineum, and genitals.

This medical condition can be classified into two main categories, acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term). It can also affect males of any sexual maturity level.

If left untreated, prostatitis can cause various health problems such as being unable to urinate and pain. While some symptoms are similar to men with prostate cancer (such as elevated PSA levels), these two conditions are treated differently and would need a separate diagnosis.

Read on to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments of a prostate infection.

Types of Prostatitis

The prostate gland is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum, somewhere near the base of the penis. This tiny organ is a small, walnut-shaped gland that produces semen.

There are four different categories of prostatitis, each with its own set of symptoms:

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection similar to the bacteria found in STDs. The bacteria enter the prostate through the urethra (urinary tract) and can cause a slew of urinary tract symptoms.

Acute bacterial prostatitis is considered a medical emergency. It’s also the easiest type to diagnose.

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

This long-term form of prostatitis is caused by the same STDs as acute bacterial prostatitis, but instead of appearing suddenly, it persists over time.

Symptoms can go under remission for some time and re-emerge later, and it’s often less intense than their acute counterpart. It can affect men of all ages, from young to old.

Chronic Prostatitis

Also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome, this form of prostatitis has no known cause (although some medical experts point to underlying medical issues like a previous infection and nervous system dysfunction as potential causes).

It’s the most common type of prostatitis, and it often affects young to middle-aged men. Symptoms can persist for months or years and wax and wane in intensity.

Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis

This form of prostatitis doesn’t cause any symptoms, but there’s evidence of inflammation in the prostate. It’s often discovered during a prostate biopsy or surgery performed for other medical causes.

Risk Factors of Prostatitis (Prostate Infection)

Men are more at risk of developing acute bacterial prostatitis if they have:

  • A UTI
  • An enlarged prostate
  • A prostate biopsy
  • Used a urinary catheter
  • Had prostatitis before
  • Have HIV or AIDS

A prostatitis infection can also cause sepsis, a serious and life-threatening condition caused by bacteria in the blood.

Bacterial prostatitis is treated with antibiotics, which are given intravenously (through a vein) at first and then switched to oral antibiotics when the patient improves. However, patients may develop a resistance to antibiotic treatment, making it difficult to treat the infection.

Patients with asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis are also at increased risk of developing a lower sperm count than their peers.

Since the condition is associated with infertility, it may make it more difficult for men with asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis to father a child.

Causes of Prostatitis

The most common cause of prostatitis is a bacterial infection from the Enterobacteriaceae family, but other forms of bacteria may also play a role in high-risk areas.

Bacteria can get into the prostate when urine flows backward from the bladder into the urethra and then up through the ejaculatory ducts into the prostate. This condition isn’t usually transmitted from one person to another.

Signs of bacterial infection can be found in prostate fluid, urine tests, and blood tests.

Aside from bacterial infection, prostatitis can also be attributed to stress, nerve inflammation, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BHP), and injuries.

Symptoms of Prostatitis

symptoms causes prostatitis men’s health normal vs prostatitis

The symptoms of prostatitis vary depending on the type of prostatitis. However, all types of prostatitis can cause pain and urinary symptoms.

For the most common type of prostatitis, acute bacterial prostatitis, the symptoms include:

  • Chills and high fever
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Pain in the penis and testicles
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Blood in semen
  • Cloudy urine
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Constant urge to pee

Bacterial prostatitis is a life-threatening illness that must be treated as soon as possible. If you suspect you have this disease, contact a men’s specialist to undergo screening.

Treatment of Prostatitis

The best way to prevent prostatitis is to practice good hygiene and urinate often. Engaging in safe sexual practices can also lower the risk of acquiring this disease.

The type of prostatitis you have will determine the treatment you receive. Here are some possible treatment plans for patients with this condition:

Medication

Medications like antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most common form of treatment for bacterial prostatitis.

For acute cases, antibiotics are prescribed for six to eight and may be given intravenously. For chronic cases, you may require at least six months of antibiotic treatment.

NSAIDs help to relieve pain and inflammation. Drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen may also help reduce pain in the muscles.

Acupuncture

Acupuncture is an alternative treatment that has been effective in managing the symptoms of various forms of prostatitis. A study involving the efficacy of acupuncture found that 20 sessions of acupuncture over 8 weeks has helped reduce symptomatic relief in men with moderate to severe chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

Pelvic Floor Exercises

Pelvic floor exercises (also known as Peyronie’s Disease exercises) help strengthen the muscles that support the bladder and bowel. They can also improve blood flow to the area and can also improve erectile function in coordination with a medical treatment approach to erectile dysfunction.

Lifestyle Changes

There are several lifestyle changes that can help to ease the symptoms of prostatitis. These include:

  1. Reducing stress
  2. Eating a healthy diet
  3. Getting regular exercise
  4. Quitting smoking
  5. Limiting alcohol intake

By making these changes, you can help to reduce the inflammation in the prostate and improve your overall health.

Contact Orlando’s Top Men’s Clinic for a Medical Consultation

Contact Orlando’s Top Men’s Clinic for a Medical Consultation

Prostatitis is a condition that may develop in men of any age. The symptoms can range from mild to severe and can include pain in the pelvis, testicles, or penis.

If you think you may have prostatitis, don’t hesitate to see a doctor to get treatment.

The medical professionals at Premier Men’s Medical Center in Orlando specialize in treating conditions that impact men’s health. Our concierge approach positions your unique case at the centerpoint of our focus. We treat the underlying issues that led to conditions such as ED, Low Testosterone, and more. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

Poor Circulation? 7 Ways to Improve Blood Circulation

Blood circulation is an essential bodily process that facilitates the transportation of oxygen and nutrients to different parts of the body, including the limbs, organs, and tissues. The arteries and veins carry oxygen-rich blood throughout the body, and when circulation is working properly, this makes your body healthier and your mind sharper. However, when the […]

Why Does Male Sexual Stamina Decrease with Age?

Let’s not get ahead of ourselves, growing up can be filled with positives. We become wiser, we become more attuned with our innermost selves, and we develop stronger bonds with the people we know and love. However, there are downsides as we accumulate more years to our name, the most notable of which is our […]

Bicycle Seats: Does Bike Riding Cause Erectile Dysfunction?

Physical activity and exercise are largely considered to be beneficial for men with erectile dysfunction. In fact, compared to inactivity, engaging in physical activity for at least 160 minutes a week has been proven by research to help decrease erectile problems. Doctors and urologists even encourage patients who’ve been lagging behind in physical activity to […]

Senior Sex: 5 Ejaculation Changes That Men Experience with Age

As men age, they may notice some changes in their reproductive system. These changes appear slowly over time—usually ramping up once they hit their 40s or older. While these changes may start as mild and harmless, they can greatly impact a man’s sexual performance as years pass. They may even cause more severe symptoms that […]

ED Rings: 6 Reasons to Avoid Constriction Rings for Erectile Dysfunction

Constriction rings, ED rings, penis rings…regardless of what you call them—they all are marketed to serve the same purpose: to increase pleasure for you and your partner. These circulated devices are often found in sex toy shops alongside anal beads, butt plugs, and the like. More specifically, ED rings are designed to be wrapped around […]

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: HSDD Symptoms of Low Sex Drive

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is a medical condition that’s marked by a persistent absence or deficiency of sexual desire and sexual fantasies. This sexual dysfunction is prevalent in premenopausal women, but it’s also found in men as MHSDD. It commonly manifests as absent responsive cues to sexual stimulation. Erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory problems are […]

How Stress Directly Impacts Your Sex Life

We all get stressed from time to time. It’s a natural reaction to the various events and curveballs that life throws our way. While high blood pressure and insomnia are some of the more common manifestations of stress, it doesn’t stop there. Whether you like it or not, stress plays a direct and intimate role […]

Is Sex Good for Depression?

Depression is a mental health condition that causes prolonged feelings of sadness and hopelessness. It’s one of the most common mental health conditions in the country—with up to 17% of the US population claiming to have experienced it at least one point in their lifetime. It can be very difficult to live with depression as […]

Beta Blockers and Erectile Dysfunction: What You Need to Know

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a problem that affects millions of men across the United States, and hundreds of millions of men globally. It can be caused by many things, such as diabetes and depression, but aging seems to be the most common cause of erectile dysfunction. In some rare cases, however, certain forms of medication […]
Page: 1 2 - All
Proudly Featured On
ESPN Radio logo
ABC News logo
Fox News Radio logo
CBS Sports Radio logo
NBC Sports Radio logo